With over 1.2 billion people, India is the second most populous country in the world and the largest democracy. While India has had significant gains with respect to modernization and economic growth, one-third of the population, or almost 400 million people, still live in startling poverty. Many who have made recent gains into the lower-middle class live precariously close to falling back into poverty. Inequity still exists across multiple dimensions, including gender, religion and caste, keeping many children uneducated and in a perpetual cycle of poverty. Less than 10.5% of the working-age population has completed secondary school. Over 41% of the world’s malnourished children are in India.